Dana Scully da x-files Segnalibro 2002


Numero Link Note
1   Technology Review a cura del MIT 
2   The Voice of the Shuttle Welcome to the new VoS. Started in 1994 
3   A Framework of Guidance for Building Good Digital Collections from IMLS 
4   IT apects of the euro currency sign euro € or € or € e solo in windows cp 1252 ALT+0128 + ALTGR+e + ALTGR+5 
5   Index DOT Html HTML in pratica e differenze di interpretazione tra i vari browser
6   METS The METS schema is a standard for encoding descriptive, administrative, and structural metadata regarding objects within a digital library, expressed using the XML schema language of the World Wide Web Consortium. The standard is maintained in the Network Development and MARC Standards Office of the Library of Congress, and is being developed as an initiative of the Digital Library Federation.
7   The Internet Archive The Internet Archive is building a digital library of Internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form. Like a paper library, we provide free access to researchers, historians, scholars, and the general public in accordance with our Terms of Use.
8   OCLC/RLG Preservation Metadata Working Group Preservation metadata is an essential component of most digital archiving strategies. It is the information necessary to carry out, document and evaluate the processes that support the long-term retention and accessibility of digital content. While the importance of preservation metadata is widely recognized, standards and best practices for its use and implementation have yet to emerge. This poses a serious obstacle to the growth and development of digital archiving activities, especially those involving cooperative or third-party relationships among multiple stakeholders.
9   URN form NIR Allo stadio attuale di sviluppo, sul portale www.normeinrete.it sono offerte funzionalità di ricerca uniformi della documentazione normativa disponibile sui diversi siti web istituzionali, mentre le funzionalità di navigazione ipertestuale sono quelle rese disponibili autonomamente da ciascun sito. La possibilità di percorrere la rete dei riferimenti è determinante per la comprensione del dettato normativo e quindi per l'effettiva fruibilità delle norme da parte dei cittadini, delle imprese e degli altri operatori. D'altra parte, le attività redazionali necessarie richiedono un impegno di risorse considerevole e continuativo nel tempo. I meccanismi di navigazione finora disponibili si basano sulla localizzazione fisica dei documenti. La definizione di convenzioni per identificarli in base ad elementi rappresentativi del contenuto consente di introdurre automatismi nella creazione dei collegamenti, favorendo così la creazione di un ipertesto delle risorse informative giuridiche distribuite sui siti web.  
10   nof-digitise Technical Standards and Guidelines This document has been developed on behalf of the New Opportunities Fund (NOF) by the UK Office for Library and Information Networking (UKOLN), University of Bath, in association with Resource: The Council for Museums, Archives & Libraries 
11   Scientific, Industrial, and Cultural Heritage: a shared approach A research framework for digital libraries, museums and archives This article develops a research framework for libraries, archives and museums as they move into a shared network space. Originally prepared for the European Commission's Information Society Directorate General in the context of Fifth Framework objectives. The document was written by Lorcan Dempsey with input from a working group comprising Cary Carp, Claes Granstrom, Alice Grant, Daniel Greenstein, Gabriella Lopes de Silva, Sonia Zillhardt. 
12   Prestige factor vs Impact factor What does Impact Factor measure? Impact Factor (IF) measures the frequency that a journal is cited by other journals. However, IF fails to distinguish between original and review article citation rates. Thus, by mixing “apples and oranges”, IF rates do NOT measure the true value of journals reporting scientific advances since innovative research is published only in original articles. Since review articles receive over 3 times as many citations as original articles, journals consisting of a large percentage of reviews have inflated rating scores. Therefore, IF can be a distorted and misleading indicator!

What does Prestige Factor measure? Like IF, Prestige Factor™ (PF) measures the frequency that a journal is cited by other journals. However, PF takes into account ONLY citations to original articles. Thus, PF measures the true value of journals that publish scientific advances since innovative research is published only in original articles. Therefore, PF measures the true value of Academic Journals! Your career depends on it! A fair score for a fair promotion  

13   Impact factor ALESSANDRO FIGA'-TALAMANCA. L'Impact Factor nella valutazione della ricerca e nello sviluppo dell’editoria scientifica (2000) 
14   OpCit Reference Linking and Citation Analysis for Open Archives  
15   Welcome to the British Library Online Newspaper Archive Qualcosa di miracoloso(?): da vedere con Internet Explorer  
16   Alexa Find and Discover any site on the web 
17   Bized Biz/ed is a unique business and economics service for students, teachers and lecturers 
18   Google in vendita Google to offer new search product for companies 
19   Webarian Brewster Kahle is a co-founder of Alexa, a digital resource, archiving net history 
20   Editors of High-Priced Journals Create Change is sponsored by: Association of Research Libraries, Association of College and Research Libraries, and SPARC with support from the Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation  
21   SEPIA Safeguarding European Photographic Images for Access  
22   METAe The automatic recognition and extraction of metadata from printed material, especially books and journals, an omnifont OCR-engine for the recognition of "Fraktur" (a German style of black-letter text type) and other seldom type faces used in European printing history ; the development of five historical dictionaries supporting the OCR-engine an XML/SGML search engine a open source library for a simple web-application for presenting digitised printed material  
23   Collection Description Schema This document proposes a collection description schema, a structured set of metadata attributes, for describing collections + dcmi collection description WG 
24   Encoding OpenURLs in Dublin Core metadata This article proposes a mechanism for embedding machine parsable citations into Dublin Core (DC) metadata records [1] based on the OpenURL [2]. It suggests providing partial OpenURLs using the DC Identifier, Source and Relation elements together with an associated 'OpenURL' encoding scheme. It summarises the relevance of this technique to support reference linking and considers mechanisms for providing richer bibliographic citations. A mapping between OpenURL attributes and Dublin Core Metadata Element Set (DCMES) [3] elements is provided.  
26   Working with Open Source Software  
27   New Protocols for Gazetteer and Thesaurus Services Fa parte di Networked Knowledge Organization Systems/Services NKOS  
28   Metadata Principles and Practicalities The rapid changes in the means of information access occasioned by the emergence of the World Wide Web have spawned an upheaval in the means of describing and managing information resources. Metadata is a primary tool in this work, and an important link in the value chain of knowledge economies. Yet there is much confusion about how metadata should be integrated into information systems. How is it to be created or extended? Who will manage it? How can it be used and exchanged? Whence comes its authority? Can different metadata standards be used together in a given environment? These and related questions motivate this paper 
29   a.k.a. Pseudonimi 
30   Encoded Archival Context Initiative (EAC) Dagli archivi con furore: XML+Authority File + contesto 
31   Guidelines for implementing Dublin Core in XML his document provides guidelines for people implementing Dublin Core metadata applications using XML. It considers both simple (unqualified) DC and qualified DC applications. In each case, the underlying metadata model is described (in a syntax neutral way), followed by some specific guidelines for XML implementations. Some guidance on the use of non-DC metadata within DC metadata applications is also provided. 
32   TEL -- SRU Portal solo con IE: BNCF, BL e BN 
33   Dopo METS anche MODS :-((( The Library of Congress' Network Development and MARC Standards Office, with interested experts, is developing a schema for a bibliographic element set that may be used for a variety of purposes, and particularly for library applications. As an XML schema it is intended to be able to carry selected data from existing MARC 21 records as well as to enable the creation of original resource description records. It includes a subset of MARC fields and uses language-based tags rather than numeric ones, in some cases regrouping elements from the MARC 21 bibliographic format. This schema is currently in draft status and is being referred to as the "Metadata Object Description Schema (MODS)". MODS is expressed using the XML schema language of the World Wide Web Consortium. The standard is maintained by the Network Development and MARC Standards Office of the Library of Congress with input from users.  
34   Prezzi della benzina comparati 
35   Tutto sui vocabolari controllati Michael Middleton  
36   Attenzione alla qualità Philip Tagg Home Page: Audititis – the contagion; //Auditis Objections (PT) | by M Loughlin // Brand bufoonery – Gap=crap Nike=shite // Regent – Management, my arse... // Support teachers persecuted for opposing terrorist ‘War on Terrorism’  
37   In bicicletta in Carinzia La Carinzia è il posto giusto per chi vuole sfuggire alla monotonia della vita quotidiana. Non importa se siete agguerriti mountainbiker, pronti a macinare salite, oppure..  
38   Ogg Vorbis sostituirà l'MP3  
39   Valutazione dell'auto nuova e usata  
40   web services Tennant, Roy. "What to Know About Web Services." Library Journal, 15 July 2002  
41   Basta Google? Stepp, Laura Sessions. "Point. Click. Think?" Washington Post, 16 July 2002: Why go to the library? It's all on the Internet.  
42   The National Gallery of the Spoken Word (NGSW) is creating a significant, fully searchable online database of spoken word collections spanning the 20th century—the first large-scale repository of its kind  
43   MIX The Library of Congress' Network Development and MARC Standards Office, in partnership with the NISO Technical Metadata for Digital Still Images Standards Committee and other interested experts, is developing an XML schema for a set of technical data elements required to manage digital image collections  
44    HEEDS 2002 2002 developing the digital collections  
45   Software innovativi in biblioteca Tennant, Roy. "The engines of innovation" Library Journal, 15 June 2002  
46   Gli altri metadati Tennant, Roy. "The importance of being granular" Library Journal, 15 May 2002  
47   Metadati Tennant, Roy. "Metadata as if libraries depended on it" Library Journal, 15 April 2002  
48   La catalogazione Tennant, Roy. "The consequences of cataloguing" Library Journal, 15 January 2002  
48   Library Journal LibraryJournal.com is an electronic offshoot of Library Journal, the oldest independent national library publication. Founded in 1876, this 'bible' of the library world is read by over 100,000 library directors, administrators, and others in public, academic, and special (e.g., business) libraries. Published 20 times annually, LJ combines news, features, and commentary with analyses of public policy, technology, and management developments. In addition, some 7500 evaluative reviews written by librarians help readers make their purchasing decisions: reviews of everything from books, audio and video, CD-ROMs, websites, and magazines. Each issue reviews 250 to 350 adult books, mostly prior to publication, making it a source librarians as well as publishers turn to for early evaluations.  
49   Internet a-t-il une mémoire / Emmanuel Hoog On ne se baigne jamais deux fois dans le même flot virtuel. Tout omniscient qu'il soit, le média du futur ne se souvient pas de ce qu'il disait hier. Une mine de connaissances, certes, mais avant tout un flux où passe sans sillage l'information, Internet s'efface à mesure qu'il sécrète. Le Web, fleuve d'amnésie ? Jusqu'ici notre patrimoine s'est patiemment constitué, collectant et préservant des supports matériels. Cette autorité de l'être n'a plus cours : média d'une inédite fluidité, Internet consacre le règne du devenir. Chance historique de progrès, c'est aussi un défi sans précédent : garder trace du flux, en photographier les instants, en suivre le mouvement, lui donner une mémoire, qui, pour l'heure, lui fait défaut. Sans cet immense travail d'archivage, des pans entiers de notre culture disparaîtront à jamais.  
50   OAIster The OAIster project is one of the Mellon Foundation Metadata Harvesting Initiative grants awarded to 7 institutions in July 2001. The institutions were tasked with developing web services of digital resources that use the OAI protocol. The OAIster service is designed to reveal digital resources previously "hidden" from users behind web scripts. Users are able to retrieve not just information (metadata) about resources, but also the actual digital resources. We expect the service to provide "one-stop shopping" for users interested in authoritative digital resources.  
51   Perseus Tufts Digital Library Perseus is an evolving digital library, engineering interactions through time, space, and language. Our primary goal is to bring a wide range of source materials to as large an audience as possible. We anticipate that greater accessibility to the sources for the study of the humanities will strengthen the quality of questions, lead to new avenues of research, and connect more people through the connection of ideas.  
52   MrSid La terra vista da Mr Sid (visualizzatori di immagini ad alta risoluzione su Internet)  
55   Image Tiling La Sicilia vista da Perseus (visualizzatori di immagini ad alta risoluzione su Internet)  
56   UIUC Uso dell'OAI per il metadata harvesting: cultural heritage da musei, archivie e biblioteche  
57   ebrary ebrarian for Libraries is a web-based service that combines technology with a growing collection of more than 10,000 authoritative titles in key subject areas – the majority of which were published within the past two years. ebrary’s publishing partners include more than 130 of the world’s most prestigious academic presses and commercial publishers, and we offer the most current, comprehensive collection of Business & Economics and Computers & Technology titles available online today.  
58   SRU Un client Z tutto in un URL; vedi anche http://www.loc.gov/z3950/agency/zing/zing.html  
59   Mega Scanner Automatico 900 pagine all'ora  
60   Idee per Centri di elaborazione dati Ergotron designs and markets ergonomic Computer Mounting Solutions and furniture for many environments including LAN/WAN, healthcare, industrial and financial. Whether your application is in a network center, an office cubicle, a patient room or out on the plant floor, Ergotron has an ergonomic, space-saving Computer Mounting Solution for you.  
61   DIGITAL DOCUMENT QUARTERLY(DDQ) Whenever misleading information might cause serious business damage or loss, its users should reject it in favor of nothing but reliable sources. Information obtained through any channel not known to assure authenticity is not dependable enough for critical decisions. For instance, the World Wide Web is not reliable for important facts; they should be obtained or confirmed through other channels. For applications where secrecy is important, people should be skeptical about e-mail from unverified sources or not sealed for confidentiality / H.M. Gladney  
62   Manuale HTML Questo manuale, ricco di esempi, nasce grazie alla disponibilità di Joe Barta che ci ha messo a disposizione il suo lavoro e ci ha consentito di tradurlo.  
63   Metadata, métadonnées : de quoi s'agit-il ? da ADBS-INFO: secondo i francesi i fondamenti dei metadati e di Dublin Core  
64   How much information Stracitatissimo sito: This study was produced by faculty and students at the School of Information Management and Systems at the University of California at Berkeley. This study is an attempt to measure how much information is produced in the world each year. We look at several media and estimate yearly production, accumulated stock, rates of growth, and other variables of interest. If you want to understand what we've done, we offer different recommendations, depending on the degree to which you suffer from information overload: Heavy information overload: the world's total yearly production of print, film, optical, and magnetic content would require roughly 1.5 billion gigabytes of storage. This is the equivalent of 250 megabytes per person for each man, woman, and child on earth.
2000. - Senior researchers: Peter Lyman and Hal R. Varian  
65   How Users Read on the Web? They don't. Instead, they scan the page, picking out individual words and sentences  
66   Tutto sui database basati su XML necessità data-centriche e documento-centriche  
67   Web Archiving On the 19th September 2002, around 50 people gathered in a lecture theatre at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome for the 2nd ECDL Workshop on Web Archiving, an event held in association with the 6th European Conference on Digital Libraries (ECDL). The workshop was jointly organised by the Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF) and the Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien).  
68   tesauri, vocabolari controllati Bibliography - Thesaurus building & use guidance Classification schemes online Thesaurus online sites Phrase Finder Databases of thesauri Thesaurus software  
69   googlismi provare con semantic web o con metadata  
70   Ricerca su Internet Archive ancora in fase di demo, ma...  
71   Creolisation In spite of the differences, there are some important resemblances between the various conceptualisations of "the creole", which resonate with the theoretical concept of creolisation: Creoles are uprooted, they belong to the New World, are the products of some form of mixing, and are contrasted with that which is old, deep and rooted. This contribution sets out to discuss the concept of the creole -- related both to language and to people -- as it is used in Mauritius, and then relate the Mauritian situation to the general use of the concept of creolisation 
72   Pigdinisation & creolisation Pidgin language (origin in Engl. word `business'?) is nobody's native language; may arise when two speakers of different languages with no common language try to have a makeshift conversation. Lexicon usually comes from one language, structure often from the other. Because of colonialism, slavery etc. the prestige of Pidgin languages is very low. Many pidgins are `contact vernaculars', may only exist for one speech event. «We first discuss what is Pidginization. Hugo Schuchardt describes pidginization as "in a contact situation involving 2 groups speaking different languages the simplified language used for communication ... will be based on one of the two ... Within the contact language, variations attributable to the native language background of the individual speaker may occur. A contact language may thus be related to any native language as a tree to its roots . . . In many cases the choice of the particular form that the simplification will take rests with the speaker of the model language." And Dell Hymes defines pidginization to be a "complex process of sociolinguistic change comprising reduction in inner form, with convergence, in the context of restriction in use." The process of pidginization is usually assumed to begin when a language is used only for very limited communication between groups who speak different native languages. Sharply restricted in domains of use, it undergoes varying degrees of simplification and admixture. If a new stable variety of the language emerges from this process, it might be described as a pidgin. We can regard pidginization as the initial restructuring of a language by a group of speakers; this entails structural reduction and substrate transfer. In summary, a pidgin is a form of language created by members of two or more linguistic groups in contact as a means of intercommunication, the most basic grammatical rules of which are common to all its habitual users regardless of their own primary language, while at least one and perhaps all of the participating groups recognize that this means of intercommunication is not the primary language of any other. A creole language arises when a pidgin becomes the native language of a speech community. Creolization is the process by which one or more pidginized variants of a language are extended in domains of use and in the range of communicative and expressive functions they must serve. Frequently, but not necessarily, this process is associated with native use by children born into the contact situation. The pidginized variants are assumed to undergo complication and expansion of linguistic resources in the process, and the term creole may be used for any new stable variety that results from this process. Thus, a creole is a result of the process that has achieved autonomy as a norm. To compare pidginization with Creolization, we can find that pidginization is usually associated with simplification in outer form, creolization with complication in outer form. There are qualitatively different stages in the development of a pidgin: Jargon->Stable pidgin->Expanded Pidgin->Creole. Da: Lei Xiao A Sociolinguistic Study of Cyber English 2002»  
73   Osservatorio su: Editoria elettronica Italiana Da Casalini Digital Division 
74   ILS Koha Made in New Zealand by Katipo Communications Ltd. and maintained by a team of volunteers from around the globe, the Koha system is a full catalogue, opac, circulation and acquisitions system.  
75   Creative Commons On December 16, 2002, Creative Commons released version 1.0 of its Licensing Project, and the first release of content under its Founders' Copyright. These are the first two projects in a series that Creative Commons will launch, all designed to help expand the amount of intellectual work, whether owned or free, available for creative re-use. The Licensing Project will build licenses that will help you tell others that your works are free for copying and other uses — but only on certain conditions. You're probably familiar with the phrase "All rights reserved" and the little © that goes along with it. Creative Commons wants to help copyright holders send a different message: "Some rights reserved" and our "CC Creative Commons" logo. If you prefer to dedicate your work to the public domain, where nothing is owned and all is permitted, we'll help you do that. In other words, we'll help you declare "No rights reserved."  
76   RFP Writer's Guide to Standards for Library Systems dentifies critical standards in the areas of Bibliographic Formats, Record Structure, Character Sets, Exchange Media, Serials Identifiers, Binding, Circulation Protocols, Barcodes, Interlibrary Loan (ILL), Electronic Documents, Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), Information Retrieval, Metadata, and Web Access. For each standard, the applicability to libraries is described, sample RFP language is provided, and compliance assessment issues are discussed. "Having recently participated in writing an RFP, I wish I'd had this Guide in hand," stated Priscilla Caplan, Assistant Director of Digital Library Services at the Florida Center for Library Automation. "It's easy to rattle off a list of standards to be supported, but another thing altogether to specify standards compliance in a way that discriminates between different vendor implementations." 
77   L'accessibilità dei siti web Circ. 13 marzo 2001, n. 3/2001. Linee guida per l'organizzazione, l'usabilità e l'accessibilità dei siti web delle pubbliche amministrazioni (vedi anche CIRCOLARE AIPA Circ. 6 settembre 2001, n. AIPA/CR/32. Criteri e strumenti per migliorare l'accessibilità dei siti web e delle applicazioni informatiche a persone disabili
78   Tech News Timely topics for IT professional 
79   Ed Summers Java Perl and MARC 
80    A Few Notes on the Culture by Iain M Banks Firstly, and most importantly: the Culture doesn't really exist. It's only a story. It only exists in my mind and the minds of the people who've read about it.  
81   Zabrinsky Point Portale di controinformazione 


Giovanni Bergamin Segnalibro 2002
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  Ultimo aggiornamento 2002-12-21